With the outbreak of COVID-19, do you have any good ways to prevent the coronavirus infection? Today we will show you some effective methods.
How to prevent coronavirus infection?
- Avoid crowded places. Avoid closed, airless public places and crowded places, especially children, the elderly and people with low immunity. Wear a mask when going out.
- Keep air flowing. Open windows to maintain ventilation when at home to effectively prevent respiratory infections.
- Pay attention to personal hygiene, wash your hands frequently, and wash with soap and water for more than 20 seconds. When sneezing or coughing, cover your nose and mouth with a tissue or arm, do not use your hands directly.
- Seek medical treatment promptly. If you have fever (especially a high fever), cough, shortness of breath, and other symptoms of respiratory infections, you should seek medical treatment in a timely manner.
I have been to a high-incidence area recently. What should I pay attention to when I return?
If you have been to an epidemic-prone area recently, pay special attention to the physical condition of yourself and those around you when you return to your place of residence, and try to avoid going to public places and crowded places.
What should pay attention to when coughing and sneezing?
When coughing and sneezing, droplets containing viruses can spread into the air within about 2 meters, and people around you can become infected by inhaling these droplets. So pay attention:
-Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or arm instead of your hands when sneezing and coughing.
-Put the tissues you used for sneezing and coughing in the hazardous waste bin.
-Wash hands thoroughly with soap after sneezing and coughing.
How to disinfect?
The coronavirus is afraid of heat. It can kill the virus in 30 minutes at 56 ° C. Chlorine-containing disinfectants, alcohol, iodine, peroxides and other disinfectants can also kill the virus.
For leather goods disinfection, 75% alcohol can be used; for disinfection at home, chlorine-containing disinfectants (such as bleach or other chlorine-containing disinfection powders / water-soluble tablets) can be used to wipe or soak disinfection solutions with an effective oxygen concentration of 250 ~ 500mg / L. Heat-resistant articles can be sterilized by boiling for 15 minutes.
How to choose a mask?
Wearing a mask is an effective ways to prevent the spread of respiratory secretions. For daily protection, medical surgical masks are good. N95 masks have better disease prevention effects, but they have poor breathability and large breathing resistance, and are not suitable for long-term wearing.
How to wear a mask correctly?
When wearing a mask, fully unfold the folded surface, completely cover the mouth, nose, and jaw, and then press the nose clip so that the mask fits the face completely. Wash your hands before wearing a mask, or avoid touching the inside of the mask with your hands during wearing the mask to reduce the possibility of the mask being contaminated. It is necessary to clearly distinguish the inside and outside of the mask, the top and bottom, and the light-colored surface as the inner surface. The inner surface should be close to the mouth and nose, with the dark side facing outward.
How to wash your hands properly?
Remember to wash your hands before meals, after going to the toilet, going home, touching rubbish, and touching animals. When washing your hands, be careful with running water and using soap. Knead for at least 20 seconds.
What should we pay attention on diet?
Diet and food matching, should pay attention to maintaining a reasonable diet to ensure a balanced diet. Pay attention to the diversity of food, eat more fresh fruits and vegetables, supplement vitamins and vitamins, and drink plenty of water.
What should we do at home?
Ensure indoor air circulation. Clean your house thoroughly at least once a week. When the surface or floor of the article is contaminated with respiratory secretions, vomit or excreta, the visible dirt should be removed with a water-absorbent disposable rag, and then the contaminated and nearby areas should be cleaned and disinfected with a suitable disinfectant.
How to prevent when going out?
First of all, make sure that your body is healthy. If you have any recent symptoms such as fever and cough, you should postpone your trip and go to the hospital first. Travel should try to avoid high epidemic areas, when traveling to other regions, you must also take personal protective measures. Avoid touching your face or eyes directly with your hands after touching public goods or facilities. If possible, wash your hands with water or soap, or clean your hands with a no-disinfectant.
What are the protective measures for the elderly, children and other frail people?
Elderly people are susceptible to the coronavirus. During the epidemic, people should avoid public places with dense crowds and reduce unnecessary social activities. Travelers should wear masks and wash their hands frequently to enhance the cleaning and disinfection of the house. Keep indoor air circulation.
Adults should be avoided for children, especially infants and young children in close contact, such as kissing, amused and so on.